The musculoskeletal system consists of our joints, bones and muscles. Conditions affecting these include:
Devices can be used to monitor medical conditions and to deliver treatments.
blood sugar monitors used in diabetes
injection devices for insulin and other medication
peak flow devices used in respiratory conditions
inhaler devices for respiratory conditions
Can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi. Disease can be passed from person to person or transmitted by insects or other animals, or through contaminated foods or water.
Some examples of these are:
This is the study of hormones, which are essential for our survival, controlling aspects of our health such as temperature regulation, sleep, mood, stress response, fertility and growth.
Thyroid dysfunction is a common endocrine disorder.
Diabetes is probably the most well known endocrine disorder. With diabetes the body does not make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in the blood, causing health problems affecting many of our body systems such as :
Heart and blood vessels
Conditions affecting the brain , spinal cord and nerves include:
Restless legs syndrome
Cardiovascular diseases affect the heart or circulatory system, such as:
Coronary heart disease
High blood pressure
Transient Ischaemic Attacks